Mohan das Karamchand Gandhi was born on 2nd October 1869 in Porbander, State of Gujarat. His father’s name is Karamchand Gandhi. His Mother’s name is Putlibai and Kasturi Bai is his wife.
Gandhi after completing School Education went to England at the age of 18 to study Barrister. In 1893, Gandhi travelled to South Africa with the aid of Abdullah & Co., Indian firm knowing that a Job for his Qualification is available in South Africa.
Caste and Color discrimination was prevailing in South Africa under british rule. The experiences he had in South Africa, helped to mould him as a great political power in future. Indian people were aware of the struggles presided by Gandhi in South Africa.
Gandhiji got friendship with Gopala Krishna Gokale and Rabindranath Tagore. Gandhiji Joined in Indian National Congress and involved with full Swing in the freedom struggle against the British. Gandhi influenced by the Principles of Bhagvat Gita, Jainism and Writings of Leo Tolstoy, practiced Truth and Non-violence throughout his life. He lived by eating vegetarian foods especially Fruits, Groundnut and Goat milk. He also mentioned that he came to know by experimentation that vegetarian foods are healthy than Non-vegetarian foods for human body.
After Returning to India from South Africa, Gandhi started wearing Indian style of clothes avoiding western style. He adviced the people of India to wear khadi dresses manufactured domestically the Country.
Gandhi was called as Mahathma by Rabindranath Tagore. Mahathma Gandhi was assassinated by Nathuram Godse on 30th January 1948 in the garden of the former Birla house . Now Gandhi Smiriti where he stayed for 144 days at the end of his life. In the year of 1924, Gandhi was selected as the leader of Indian National Congress. On February 1930, British Government levied tax for the Salt manufactured by Indians. The British Government also passed an act that the salt manufactured by Indians in India should not be sold by any others than British Government. The petition submitted by Gandhi seeking exemption was not accepted. Gandhi decided to challenge the British-imposed salt tax by practising Satyagraha and started 240 miles of Dandi Salt March on 2nd march 1930 with 78 Satyagrahis from Ahmedabad to Dandi along with seashore of Gujarat. After 23 days of March, Gandhi reached Dandi shore and prepared salt by boiling sea water and distributed it to public as against British Law. This incident called as “Salt Sathyagraha” was considered to be a turning point in Indian Freedom Struggle. Gandhi also played a major role in calling for British to “Quit India” in 1942.
On 12th February 1949 Gandhiji’s Ashes were kept in Kanyakumari for paying tribute by people and then spread in the area where three Oceans meet. Gandhi Memorial was established in memory of the place where the ashes (Urn) were kept. A stage is raised in the place where the Urn is kept in the Memorial and it is designed architecturally in
such a manner that Sun light falls on the stage on 2nd October 12 p.m. to 12.20 p.m., the birthday of Gandhiji. There is an exclusive Museum for Gandhi in Madurai district.
The Government of Tamil Nadu has established Gandhi Mandapam and Museum in Guindy, Chennai as a symbol of praising and honoring the sacrifice of Mahatma Gandhi. Hon’ble Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu Puratchi Thalaivi Selvi J Jayalalithaa ordered to renovate Gandhi Mandapam at a cost of Rs.12 Crore and inaugurated it on 27.06.2014.
The Birthday of Gandhiji is celebrated in Gandhi Mandapam and all districts in Tamilnadu by the Government of Tamilnadu.