Rajagopalachari was born to Chakravarti Iyengar - Singaramma on 10th December 1878 in Thorapalli, Krishnagiri District. His original name was C.Rajagopalachari.
He arranged for Samabandhi feast during Madurai – Ramanathapuram Political conference in 1918. After 1917, He along with Gandhiji participated in agitations of Social awareness against Alcohol, untouchability, Vaikom Satyagraha and agitations of freedom struggle including Salt Satyagraha, Civil disobedience movement, non-cooperation movement, Quit India movement and went to Prison. Raja Gopalachari’s daughter Laxmi married Devdas Gandhi, younger son of Mahatma Gandhi in 16.6.1933 which was an intercaste marriage.
In 1953, he introduced a new education scheme known as the “Modified System of Elementary Education”, which reduced schooling for elementary school students to three hours per day with students expected to learn the family vocation at home during the remainder of the day. The plan came into sharp criticism and led to his resignation as Chief Minister in 1954. Raja Gopalachari served as First Governor General of India in 1947. An accomplished writer both in his mother tongue Tamil as well as English, He created several literary works including Kannan Kaatiya Vazhi, Kudi Kedukum Kal, Siraiyil thavam, Thikkattra Paarvathy, Sisu Paripaalanam, Kuttikathaigal etc.
He breathed his last in 25.12.1972. Rajagopalachari was honored with India’s highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna.
A memorial has been constructed for Mootharignar Rajaji in Gandhi Mandapam, Guindy, Chennai by the Government of Tamil Nadu. The house where Rajaji lived in Thorapalli, Hosur Taluk, Krishnagiri district is maintained as Memorial house by the Government of Tamil Nadu. The dining hall of British people in Omanthurar Government Estate, Chennai is Renamed as Rajaji Hall from 9.4.1948.
Hon’ble Chief Minister of TamilNadu Selvi J Jayalalithaa has ordered to renovate the Rajaji Hall in Omanthurar Estate, Chennai at a cost of R.75 lakhs.
The Statue of Mootharignar Rajaji near High Court Campus, Parrys Corner, Chennai is garlanded and paid floral tribute annually on 10th December, his birthday.