Parithimar Kalaignar was born to Govinda sivanar – Lakshmi Ammal on 6th July 1870 in Vilachery, Madurai district. He learnt Tamil from the Tamil scholar Sabapathy Muthaliyar. He was proficient in literature, English and Books of Philosophy right from his youth.
Parithimar Kalaignar graduated in B.A. (Tamil) with first in State in the year 1892. He was the first person to campaign for the recognition of Tamil as a classical language. Suryanarayana Sastri had immense have for Tamil and wrote plenty of Books. He even changed his Sanskrit name to its Tamil Translation as Parithimar Kalaignar.
Parithimar Kalaignar is also known as Dravida Sastri due to his passion for the Dravidian language, Tamil as mentioned by C.V.Damodharanpillai. When the Madras University proposed to exclude Tamil from its syllabus Parithimar Kalaignar Vehemently protested against the proposal forcing the authorities to drop the move. Parithimar Kalaignar died in 2.11.1903 at the age of 33.
A Postage Stamp was released by the Central Government in commemoration of Parithimar Kalaignar in 17.8.2007 on the recommendation of the Government of Tamil Nadu.
The Birth Anniversary of Parithimar Kalaignar is celebrated annually on 6th July in Vilachery, Madurai District by the Government of Tamil Nadu.