Pulithevar was born to Chitraputira Thevar Sivagnana Naachiyar on 1715 AD Puli thevar was one of the earliest opponents of the Britrish rule in South India. He was insolved in a vendetta with the Nawab of Arcot, who was supported by the British.
Nelkatum Seval was the headquarters of Puli thevar, the first Chieftain in India to resist the British. Nelk atum seral is chiefly memorable as having been in the eighteenth century strong hold of the redoubtable Puli Thevar, who figured for many years as a leader against the troops of the Nawab and the company. He had a shreard insight into the political situation of the time and was a veritable thorn against the side of the Navab’s agents.
“Nelkattum Serval” literally translates to “Rice tribute paying place”, but after its ruler Puli Thevan’s successful attempts, the name changed to nel kattan serval (“place which doesn’t pay rice tribute”).
Pulithevan is regarded as the first ruler in Indian history, who sowed the seed, by his gallant resistance, to expel from his nature land even before the 1806 Resolt of Vellore and Sepoy mutiny in 1857. When Manguz khan swrrendered to pulitheran he treated Mahfuz khan surrendered to Pulitheran he treated Mahfuz Khan as his friend and arranged for a mosque inside the fort for offering prayers. Pulitheran conducted Indian freedom revolution even before the Revolution in America and French.
Pulithevar remains one of the ellustrions figures in the chequered history of Palayakarars.
It is said that when Pulithevan was captused by the British, 1767, he offered prayers in Sanarankoil temple swrounded by the British army and his life ended with that incident.
There are 951 houses in Nelkattum seval at present and the total population is 6,164. The village also has Maveeran Pulithevan Government higher secondary school and Maveeran Pulithevan Panchayat Union primary school.