Sheik Thambi Pavalar was a Tamil Poet, scholar and an Indian independence activist. He was born on 31st July 1874 as the third son of Pakeer Meeran Sahib and Ameena in Edalakudy, Kottar in Nagercoil.
He had his earlier education at Edalakudy. He was also a good orator. He learnt Tamil from Sankaranarayana Annavi, a Tamil Scholar lived in Kottar. He was also a disciple of Sankaranarayana Annavi. He started composing poems. He was called as Pavalar due to his prowess of comprising poem at a very early age. He was also honored with the title ‘Devamirtha Prasanga Kalanjiyam’, ‘Mahamathi’. He is known as Sathavathani, which means one has a group on hundred different aspects of knowledge at a Moment on 10th March 1907, he performed Sathavathanam programme, presided by scholar Kannapiran Mudaliyar at Madras Victoria Town hall and got appreciation.
He married Mohammed Fathima Beevi at the age of 33. He was involved in movements including untouchability, Khadi propaganda and National independence along with Dr. M.E.Naidu. He died on 13th February 1950. The Government of Tamil Nadu honored him by establishing Pavalar Ninaivu Mandapam. The Hon’ble Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu nationalized his works and in accordance with the request by the Government of Tamil Nadu, A commemorative postage stamp was released by the central Government.
The Birth Anniversary of Sheikh Thambi Pavalar is celebrated annually by the Government of Tamil Nadu on 31st July in Kanyakumari district.