Thillaiyadi valliammai was born to Munuswamy and Mangalam, a young immigrant couple from a small village called Thillaiyadi in Thanjavur in the year 1898.
Valliammai grew in an environment that was rather hostile to Indians. Indians were treated as slaves in South Africa. Gandhi who was appalled by pathetic conditions of coloured people and discrimination against the Indians and South Africans, adapted a new method of light against the British rulers. The young Indian lawyer Mohandas Gandhi began his protest march against the discrimination of Indians and other South Africans. Kasturba, Valliammai and her mother joined this march of women from Transvaal to Natal, which was prohibited by the Government of South Africa.
Valliammai, 16 years of age was arrested by the South African police while she was in the protest march and spent three months in jail. She suffered a fatal fever in jail, when she was released in 11.2.1914 she was very weak and could barely walk. She breathed her last in 22.2.1914, within 10 days after released from jail. Her short span of life did not deter this courageous Tamil girl from learning an impressive imprint in India’s history of freedom struggle.
Thillaiyadi Valliammai Ninaivu Mandapam was constructed at a cost of Rs.12 lakh in Thillaiyadi Village. Tharangampadi Taluk Nagapattinam district and inaugurated in 13.8.1971. As ordered by the Hon’ble Chief Minister Selvi J Jayalalithaa Thillaiyadi Valliammai Ninaivu Mandapam in Nagapattinam District has been renovated at a cost of Rs.5 lakhs.